Many American urban homeowners face the raccoon menace. These animals not only dig up plants and destroy gardens, but also enter homes to rummage through trash cans, thereby causing a mess. Since they rest during the day, and go in search of food at night, they disturb the peace and quiet of the home with their nocturnal activity. Raccoon activity around residential areas is mostly experienced in spring. By understanding the behavioral habits of raccoons during this season, you are much better prepared to get rid of them from your yard and/or home.
Raccoon Living Spaces
Following the mating season from January to March, the female raccoon builds her nest in preparation for giving birth. She chooses the hollow of trees or any unused spaces within and around homes, including attics, chimneys, drains and barns. She finds such spaces safe and cozy, and thus suitable for raising her young ones. The thick black and white fur of the raccoon appears patchy once winter is over. This is because it sheds off its dead winter hair in thick clumps. The animal uses this loose fur to line its spring nest and make it comfortable.
The young raccoon are born in spring, with the litter size varying from two to six. They are blind at birth, but can open their eyes within three weeks. At night, they make a lot of noise in their nests while they wait for the mother to return with food. They start scampering about after eight weeks, and then accompany her on forages outside the den. By the time they are 16 weeks old, they are completely weaned from the mother raccoon. They are ready to live independently when spring arrives the following year.
Raccoon Food Habits
The food preferences of a raccoon change from one season to the next. In the spring, raccoon weigh almost half of what they did at the start of winter. Because of the scarcity of food, they gradually burn up their fat reserves as winter wears on. Their spring diet mainly consists of insects, mice, squirrels, rabbits and other small mammals on land, and eggs laid by aquatic birds and turtles. They also go to the edge of lakes or rivers in search of crayfish and freshwater clams. An effective raccoon repellent strategy is to eliminate food sources from your property.
Raccoon Repellent Strategies
Having tight-fitted lids over trash cans, and netted protection over the fishpond and chicken coop in the yard can help to reduce the number of raccoon that visit your premises. If you want to get rid of raccoon and keep them from foraging in your backyard, you need to use a strong raccoon repellent product like the Shake-Away raccoon deterrent. Shake-Away is available in the form of granules, which you spread around the areas to be protected. These granules have the urine scent of the coyote, which is a raccoon’s top predator. When the raccoon detects the scent of it’s natural predator it triggers their inherent fear thereby effectively scaring them away from the yard. You will no longer have to worry about them strewing trash all over the place, uprooting your vegetation or eating up your chickens.